Monte Alban Mysterious Ruins of Oaxaca – why you should visit here (updated 2023)


Monte Alban’s Mysterious Ruins of Oaxaca and the pyramids have been mysterious for generations. Highly visible on top a man-made plateau, this archeological site near Oaxaca City was continuously inhabited for more than 13 centuries.

The Zapotec considered Monte Alban a sacred site since 500 BC when they began leveling the mountain. It was not only sacred for the original Zapotec, but for the Mixtecs as well. After the Zapotec abandoned Monte Alban, the Mixtec also buried their elites with offerings for the afterlife at this site. The Oaxaca pyramids are a must visit site if you are also touring around the Oaxaca region of Mexico.

Find out more about Monte Alban and the mysterious ruins of Oaxaca below.



Visit to the ruins of Monte Alban in Oaxaca



Monte Alban Mysterious Ruins of Oaxaca



Monte Alban FAQ

When is the best time to visit Monte Alban in Oaxaca?

Early morning before the monument opens is the best time to visit before the crowds and heat make the place very busy and hot in the exposed environment.  Spring and fall time weather in Oaxaca is cooler making this a more pleasant visit to this historic site.

Why visit Monte Alban?

One of the most important ancient capitals of Mexico and the Zapotec people< Monte Alban is a popular travel destination. The attraction is popular to visit year round and there is a line of cars lined up at the entrance going uphill to the top where the pyramids with amazing views and stunning monuments you must visit.

How much time to spend at Monte Alban?

If you love historic sites and pyramids, Monte Alban is stunning and worth spending all day. For others, maybe a guided tour is more ideal for you to get a better understanding to visiting this historic site and the ancient people’s of this region.

How to get to Monte Alban from Oaxaca?

Monte Alban is a very close drive from Oaxaca City and you can easily take public transportation or Uber directly to the site. A guided tour is also good so you get more insite to the story and significance of the pyramids of Monte Alban.

Is it worth taking a tour to Monte Alban?

Yes, for the convenience and a guided tour of the area, consider this tour experience to Monte Alban here for more information and booking.




Why is Monte Alban pyramids historically important?

At its zenith, the Zapotec amassed a population of 25,000 but it’s abandonment has baffled historians to these Oaxaca ruins. Monte Alban in Oaxaca is one of only a few sites in the world where the rise of the State as the government is well preserved. It’s believed that this was a powerful government ruling over multiple cities as they merged together. It’s also the first culture from Mexico to use written language and a calendar. Though the original calendar only had a cycle of 260 days.

A lot of what has been learned about the Monte Alban pyramids has been through studying the hieroglyphs and Danzantes – a group of reliefs carved into stone slabs that were discovered at this ruin. The Danzantes were originally thought to depict dancers, but it is now believed that they depict victims of sacrifice, slaves, or slain rival rulers .

There are over 300 stone Danzantes showing figures in duress, although there does not appear to be signs of human sacrifice at Monte Alban.   







Monte Alban Mysterious Ruins of Oaxaca and the archeological sites

As you enter the archeological site of Monte Alban, follow the path to climb up the backside of the North Platform. When you reach the top you’ll be rewarded with open views of the Main Plaza, the ceremonial center of the city.

All of the buildings on the Main Plaza are in a grid pattern except one – The Observatory. It’s in the shape of an arrowhead, unlike any other archeological ruin in Mexico. It is believed to be the first observatory in Mesoamerica. On the south wall of the Observatory, you will find 40 hieroglyphs featuring upside-down heads, which are thought to portray the Zapotec’s conquests. It’s widely believed that the Observatory was one of the first buildings built by the Zapotec, long before the artificial leveling of the mountain. This takes away the notion that Monte Alban was built quickly for defense.

Though with a 360-degree view of the surrounding valleys, the location does make it strategically viable for defense. After exploring the Main Plaza, climb the steps to the South Platform for a bird’s-eye view of Oaxaca City. It’s an amazing view of the city itself and the surrounding pueblos tucked into the valleys. As you descend and explore the remainder of the site, make sure you stop to see the Ball Court in the northeast corner of the Main Plaza. 



Learn more about the Zapotec culture on this video below









The Five Phases of Growth

-Phase I (500-200 BC)The leveling of the mountain starts, founded by rulers from nearby Etla and San Jose Mogote. The population of the first phase of Monte Alban reaches over 15,000. This is the first sign of human settlement in the area.-Phase II (200 BC-300 AD)

Tunnels were discovered that are presumed to have only been used during phase II. These tunnels allowed priests to move between buildings in Monte Alban. The population declines a little during this time, but is still considered healthy.   

-Phase III (300-750 AD)

Most of the buildings that can be viewed today came from phase III. The population grew to 25,000 people and smaller groups started to expand to neighboring hills. This is the same era that Teotihuacan, an archeological site near Mexico City, emerged. Ceramics originating from Teotihuacan were found during the excavation of Monte Alban. There was also a ‘neighborhood’ at Teotihuacan that housed many Oaxacan natives.   

-Phase IV and V (750-1520 AD)Not much is known of the decline of Monte Alban. There are varied studies as to why the site was abandoned, but no two scholars seem to agree. The theories range from societies uprising from their royal leaders, disease, and famine. Many other societies in Mexico started to see a decline or abandonment around 1000 AD.

Wildfires and recent earthquakes have had an impact on the UNESCO World Heritage site, but the World Heritage Fund working with American Express and other donors has dedicated more than 1 million dollars to restore the damage that was done. 15 structures were affected by the earthquake, and five required a quick response to shore up the walls. There were a lot of masons working while we visited, so it’s clear that the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), and the World Heritage funds are being put to use.


Learn more about Monte Alban and the geography here and the Zapotec culture










How to Get to the Monte Alban ruins from Oaxaca and tips to visiting the ancient ruins

The pyramids of Oaxaca are quite impressive and a must visit attraction when you are in the region. Getting to Monte Alban is easy since it’s located just 20 minutes outside of the city of Oaxaca. You have three options to arrive to the ruins. Monte Alban hours are 8 am – 5 pm everyday with weekend and holidays being the most busy.

The bus (55 pesos round trip) departs from 20 de Noviembre and Aldama Streets in front of the Benito Juarez Market every hour beginning at 8:30 am. You can also book a tour to Monte Alban from one of the numerous companies that advertise in the main square. Or a taxi from Centro Oaxaca costs about 150 pesos each way.

Tip: Look for others to share the return taxi. We did this to get back to Oaxaca and got to meet fellow travelers!

We decided to take a taxi since we like to take more of a DIY approach to visiting sites like Monte Alban. You will beat the crowds and vendors if you arrive at the time they open. Also, the pictures are more stunning when you have the place to yourself.

We almost opted to take the bus to Monte Alban because the departure times were close to our desired time. But the 8:30 bus does not head back into town until 12:00 pm and we had more exploring in Oaxaca City that we wanted to do that day.

Tip: Ask around as people are entering to see if they would like to share the cost of hiring a guide. We have used the same strategy at numerous other sites and everyone, including the guides, have always been on board with this cost-saving trick. The tour is the same price whether there’s 2 people or 10.

And do hire a tour guide, I say this even as having had a bad experience with ours that particular day. We were only 20 minutes into our tour and he cut it short. There was a little bit of a misunderstanding, but ultimately we believe it was to do a more exclusive private tour for a couple. It’s the only time that we’ve ever had anything like that happen.

Typically hiring a guide at the ruin sites in Mexico has been a positive experience. They’re knowledgeable about the area, the flora, and of course the ruins which are typically a part of their own heritage.




Other details to visiting Monte Alban

Guides are available at the site but expensive, so see if you can share a guide with any other visiting the site and share the cost.

Monte Alban ruins is located on the top of a hill and is mostly exposed and hot, so wear protective clothing and sunscreen

At the visitors center, try to purchase your tickets first and then use amenities. there are restrooms, souvenir shops and a small cafeteria on site.

In the parking lot area are more souvenir stands, if you are looking for specific gifts or souvenirs from the historic site, although many of these objects can also be purchased at the many markets in Oaxaca.

There are also group tours that you can reserve to visit Monte Alban and surrounding attractions in the area. Many tour operators and sales people visit the squares and attractions around Oaxaca to sell a variety of tours to Monte Alban and other local attractions.

Check out these Monte Alban tour in Oaxaca and other close area attractions

** Check out this guided tour of the area, consider this tour experience to Monte Alban here for more information and booking.

Visit historic Mitla, an artisan village and the El Tule Tree here on this all day adventure tour of the region around Oaxaca.

Experience an Oaxaca walking tour and Mezcal tasting experience here for more information and booking this tasting / walking experience.

Do this Mezcal workshop here with tasting experience

Private tour experience here for touring archaeological sites, artisan centers, outdoor markets and other ancient sites.



Where to stay close to Monte Alban

There are a variety of fantastic places to stay in the Oaxaco city area from classic hotels, modern styled accommodations to small inns. Check out the best rated inns and hotels here for the best rated places to stay in the area.

Mision Oaxaca – Value priced and located in a residential area and about 15 minutes with free shuttle service to the historic district

One Oaxaca Centro – Also value priced located about a five minute walk to centro, the hotel is new, clean with friendly service and a great breakfast spread.

Nana Vida Boutique Hotel – this boutique hotel located right in the centro and easy walking to all major attractions is centrally located, clean and friendly service.

For more choices and well reviewed places, check out these Trip Advisor reviews here for more details to staying in the area.


Check out these other posts in the Oaxacan Region of Mexico

Things to do in Oaxaca



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Guest Bio

JT and Julien are traveling the roads of Mexico. They’re in love with the rich culture, ancient ruins, and of course the food. Not seeing an end for their love of travel, Cultures Traveled was created to share stories and insights with anyone that will listen.

Guest post with Cultures Traveled 


Conclusion to Monte Alban, Mysterious Ruins of Oaxaca

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